How Legal Marijuana Will Work In Your Province

Recreational cannabis in Canada will be governed by a patchwork of provincial policies after federal legislation takes effect on Oct. 17.

Here’s a brief rundown of some of the rules:

Ontario

Age of legal consumption: 19+

Sales: Government-run online-only through the Ontario Cannabis Store until April 2019, then privately-run storefronts

Grow your own? Four plants per residence

Where am I banned from smoking and vaping?

  • Indoor common areas in condos, apartment buildings and post-secondary school residences
  • Enclosed public places
  • Non-designated hotel rooms
  • Vehicles and boats
  • Public sports fields (not including golf courses)
  • Within 20 metres of schools, playgrounds, and places where child care is provided
  • Within nine metres of hospital entrances

Anything else?

  • Municipalities will have a “one time window” during which they will be able to opt-out of having cannabis stores within their boundaries
  • You will be able to have a maximum of 30 grams (about one ounce) of dried cannabis in public at any time

Alberta

Age of legal consumption: 18+

Sales: Privately-run storefronts and government-operated online sales

Grow your own? Four plants per residence

Where am I banned from smoking and vaping?

  • When driving or when “within reach of anyone in a vehicle,” and in any motor vehicle not being used as a temporary residence, such as a parked RV
  • At any cannabis retail outlet
  • Hospital, school or child care facility properties
  • Playgrounds, sports fields, skateboard or bicycle parks, zoos, outdoor theatres, outdoor pools or splash pads

Anything else?

  • Municipalities may create additional restrictions on public consumption using their existing authorities
  • Renters, condo-dwellers and those who live in multi-family dwellings may be restricted from growing cannabis in their homes based on rules established in rental agreements or condominium bylaws

Quebec

Age of legal consumption: 18+

Sales: Government-run by the Société des alcools du Québec (SAQ), both online and brick-and-mortar

Grow your own? Nope. It’s also prohibited to possess a cannabis plant for personal use

Where am I banned from smoking and vaping?

  • While driving
  • On the grounds of health and social services institutions
  • On the grounds of Cegeps and universities
  • On bicycle paths
  • In bus shelters and in shared transportation waiting areas

Anything else?

Possession is prohibited in certain places:

  • Preschool education services, elementary and secondary school instructional services, educational services in vocational training or educational services to adults in general education
  • On the premises or in buildings of a college-level educational institution, with the exception of student residences
  • On the grounds and in the facilities of a childcare centre or day care centre
  • On the grounds, premises or in buildings used for detention

Saskatchewan

Age of legal consumption: 19+

Sales: Privately-run storefronts and online sales

Grow your own? Four plants per residence

Where am I banned from smoking and vaping?

  • While driving
  • Consuming cannabis in public places will be prohibited for “public health considerations”

Anything else?

  • Selling or distributing cannabis to a person who appears to be intoxicated will land you a $2,250 fine

Manitoba

Age of legal consumption: 19+

Sales: Privately-run storefronts and online sales

Grow your own? Nope

Where am I banned from smoking and vaping?

  • Public places and when driving

Anything else?

  • The legal age is one year above drinking age

Nova Scotia

Age of legal consumption: 19+

Sales: Nova Scotia Liquor Corporation-operated storefronts and online sales

Grow your own? Four plants per residence

Where am I banned from smoking and vaping?

  • While driving
  • Where prohibited by the Smoke-free Places Act

Anything else?

  • Nova Scotia has the highest rate of recreational consumers in the country, according to Statistics Canada

Newfoundland and Labrador

Age of legal consumption: 19+

Sales: Privately-run licensed storefronts and government-operated online sales

Grow your own? Four plants per residence

Where am I banned from smoking and vaping?

  • Anywhere but private property and in private residences

Anything else?

  • Canopy Growth (WEED.TO) and Loblaw Companies Ltd. (L.TO) are confirmed to be applying for retail licenses

Prince Edward Island

Age of legal consumption: 19+

Sales: Prince Edward Island Liquor Control Commission-operated storefronts locations and online sales

Grow your own? Four plants per residence

Where am I banned from smoking and vaping?

  • Rented or shared spaces where smoking is prohibited, such as rental units, community care facilities and long-term care facilities

Anything else?

  • The PEI Cannabis website features a clock ticking down to the second marijuana is legal

New Brunswick

Age of legal consumption: 19+

Sales: Government-run online and storefronts through Cannabis NB, a subsidiary of the New Brunswick Liquor Corporation

Grow your own? Four plants per residence

Where am I banned from smoking and vaping?

  • Public spaces
  • In a vehicle, moving or not

Anything else?

  • There will be no decorations or advertising, such as window displays, visible outside the stores
  • When grown outdoors, plants must be behind a locked enclosure that is 1.52 metres
    high

Elizabeth Richey, MD

Elizabeth Richey, MD

Elizabeth Richey is an author, and student who approves articles and then published them on our website to the MJN viewership.
Her qualifications include a degree in international policy and medicine.
Always refer to a qualified doctor before using marijuana to treat an ailment.

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